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London Airports

UK Airport Operators are going green too….
They have launched new guidelines to reduce aircraft ground emissions

A major initiative to reduce the carbon emissions of aircraft on the ground at UK airports was launched on 29th June 2010 by the Airport Operators Association the trade association that represents the interests of British airports as well as the principal body with which the UK Government and regulatory authorities consult on airport matters. at their Environmental Conference.
Developed by the UK's largest airport operator BAA through the Sustainable Aviation coalition, the Aircraft on the Ground CO2 Reduction Programme
Pre-conditioned air being used at London Heathrow airport
offers guidelines to airports working with partners to cut aircraft ground movement CO2 emissions and also improve local air quality. The programme seeks to capture best practices across the industry today with potential for even greater efficiency improvements in the future.
Aircraft ground operation CO2 emissions can be significant. Practical action steps for airports, airlines, air navigation service providers and ground handling companies to reduce emissions are clearly set out in the innovative programme.
Amongst the initiatives being outlined are savings through reduced engine taxiing as well as use of fixed electrical ground power and pre-conditioned air, instead of keeping auxiliary power units running on planes when stationary. It is estimated that these two projects at Heathrow are already saving 100,000 tonnes of CO2 per year.
AOA member airports have been invited to sign up to a twelve month period, examining how best to implement the programme's action steps, and further develop the aviation industry’s understanding of and ability to manage carbon dioxide emissions on the ground. So far 15 airports across the country have joined the programme, representing 70% of all passenger traffic in the UK.
Commenting on the guidelines, AOA Chairman Ed Anderson says: "Airports have an important role to play in reducing the environmental impact of aviation. This new, exciting scheme will complement the existing great work being done by airports across the country and enable all to share best business practice going forward. It’s not a case of competition, as the industry must work together to take action on environmental challenges.”
For the BAA group, Heathrow's Director of Operations, Colin Wood, says:
"The UK aviation industry is leading the world in our collective work to pioneer new procedures and technologies that will improve our environmental performance. As part of this work, the new AOA guidance provides a clear framework for airport operators to address targeted areas of operations by encouraging measurement of current practice, planning to deliver results and a system of review."
Penny Coates, Managing Director, Regional Airports Division, Manchester Airports Group says: "Manchester Airports Group was pleased to contribute to the development of the guidelines for reducing CO2 emissions from aircraft while they are on the ground. We welcome the introduction of the supporting guidelines, which we will apply at our airports. We believe that the programme provides a clear, evidence based and pragmatic approach to ensure that we continue to bear down on the environmental impacts of all aspects of aircraft operation."
Paul Kehoe, CEO of Birmingham International Airport says:
"Birmingham Airport has long recognised the importance of improving environmental performance. We have an established programme through which we work with NATS and airlines to identify and adopt environmental best practice, including measures to reduce CO2 emissions on the ground. The programme reflects the work already underway at Birmingham Airport and through signing up, we are demonstrating our ongoing commitment to improving environmental performance.”

Alan Davies, Planning and Environment Director Bristol International Airport says:
"We expect the Aircraft on the Ground CO2 reduction programme to bring a number of environmental benefits to our operations including savings in CO2 emissions, improvements in local air quality and a reduction in the noise impact on local residents."
Graeme Mason, Newcastle’s Corporate Affairs Director says:
"Even in these difficult economic times it is critical that aviation, including the airports sector, continues improve its environmental performance. Great progress has been made but there is more to do. The Aircraft on the Ground CO2 reduction programme is just one way that airports can and will make a difference, and we are happy to sign up to it"
Laura Duggan, George Best Belfast City Airport's Environmental Officer says:
"GBBCA have signed up to Business in the Community / Arena Network NI Environmental Pledge to help tackle climate change by measuring, reporting and managing our carbon emissions. The Aircraft on the Ground CO2 reduction programme could assist us with measuring and managing our carbon emissions from ground operations to enable us to honour this pledge."
AOA members will meet three times a year to share experiences and results. They will report on measures taken after a year, to highlight beneficial outcomes, and to set out the next stage of the programme.
Download the full document here
Member airports that have signed up to the programme include BAA (Heathrow, Stansted, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Aberdeen, Southampton); MAG (Manchester, Bournemouth, East Midlands, Humberside); Belfast City; Birmingham; Bristol; Gatwick and Newcastle. Together those airports handled 153.3 million passengers in 2009, or, 70% of all UK passenger traffic (CAA Stats 2009).
Airports are being asked to sign up to the principles of the Aircraft on the Ground CO2 Reduction Programme; and beyond this, to assess and implement the action steps.

A short history of London Heathrow Terminal 2
• 1951 - Construction of Terminal 2 started. The architect was Frederick Gibberd (who also designed the former Heathrow control tower, Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral and London Central Mosque). The original cost for the central terminal area improvements including the road tunnel was £21 million
• April 17 1955 - The terminal opened and was officially inaugurated by Her Majesty the Queen on December 16 1955 along with the adjacent QueensBuilding (the former office block, closed in June 2009) and the former control tower. The terminal was originally named the ‘EuropaBuilding’
• 1957 - The first non-stop flight from Heathrow to California set a new record for distance and time
• 1961 - The OceanicBuilding (now Terminal 3) opened for long haul flights. The EuropaBuilding became home to short haul flights
• 1964 - The Beatles famously travelled through the terminal
• 1965 - The M4 Motorway to Heathrow airport opened
• 1968 - A cargo tunnel opened in 1968, linking Terminal 2 and the rest of central area to the 160 acre cargo site on the south side of the airport
• 1969 - The building was renamed ‘Terminal 2’ when Terminal 1 was opened
• 1977 - The London Underground link provided the world's first direct connection with an airport
• 1998 - The Heathrow Express direct link to Paddington was opened in 1998.
Terminal 2 at a glance
• Terminal 2 is 49,654 square metres in size
• Terminal 2 was originally designed to accommodate 1.2 million passengers annually but in its last years regularly saw around 8 million passengers a year
• In its history, Terminal 2 has seen 316 million passengers pass through
• The average number of Terminal 2 passengers per year was 5.8 million
• The busiest day ever at Terminal 2 was July 19 2003 with 35,918 passengers
• The busiest year at Terminal 2 was 2002 with 86,824 flights
• In 2008, its last full year, Terminal 2 saw 7.5 million passengers
• Airlines operating from T2 in February 2009 (the last month when a full schedule operated) were: Aeroflot, Air Algerie, Air Astana, Air France, Air Seychelles, Air Transat, Alitalia, Arik Air, Atlas Blue, Austrian Airlines, Azerbaijan Airlines, Bellview Airlines, Bulgaria Air, China Eastern Airlines, Clickair, Croatia Airlines, CSA Czech Airlines, Iberia, Jat Airways, Libyan Airlines, Lufthansa, Olympic Airlines, Rossiya Airlines, Royal Air Maroc, Swissair, Syrianair, TAP Portugal, TAROM, Tunisair, Uzbekistan Airways and Yemenia
• HeathrowAirport handles an average of 180,000 passengers and 1350 flights daily. It is the world's busiest international airport and serves over 180 destinations on around 90 airlines.


Executive Traveller 2003